Dark, transparent brown often named for Flemish artist Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641) who used this natural color for shading, tinting, and glazing. Other artists also used this flat brown for backgrounds and men’s clothing, in watercolors and oils. Made in Germany from natural earth, ocher, iron(III)-oxide, manganese oxide, humus. The original pigment also contained asphaltum (bitumen), but this is no longer used. Mixes with all mediums and pigments; lightfast in watercolors and lime, not in oils. Commercially-made Van Dyke (or Vandyke) Brown varies greatly between brands, but the better manufacturers keep as close as possible to early color charts dating to achieve a good brown.
AKA: Van Dyke brown, Cassel earth, Cologne earth, Rubins brown, [Ger] Kasseler Erde, Kölnische Erde, [Fr] brun, ochre marron, terre de Cologne, terre de Cassel, [It] terra di Colonia, terra di Cassel
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These dry pigments are not sold for cosmetic, food, pharmaceutical or tattoo use.